Garlic is a member of the allium family, which includes leeks, shallots and onions. There are many varieties of garlic, all of which fall into three general categories: Softneck, Hardneck and Elephant. Softneck garlic is the kind you will generally find in the grocery store. The two common types of softneck garlic are artichoke and silverskin. Artichoke garlic generally stores well and has a mild flavor, such as California White, Inchelium Red, Susanville and Polish White. Nootka Rose is a silverskin garlic with a very strong flavor. Softneck garlics have a flexible stalk which can be braided.
Break the bulb, called “cracking” into individual cloves. " to 6” apart. Like other spring flowering bulbs, garlic planted now will set roots and start to grow. As the soil temperature cools down, growth stops. Garlic can be mulched in early winter, after the ground freezes. The mulch will hold in moisture and keep the ground stable. As soil temperatures increase in the spring, the bulb begins its growth cycle. It’s best to use a garden fork to lift the garlic out of the ground.