Thursday, April 20, 2017

Time to Prune Roses

Spring Rose pruning tips 
Late April into May is the time to prune your roses. We’ll still get some temperature fluctuations but now's  the time to inspect your roses to see how they fared through the winter and to get them ready for the new season.
Start by gathering your tools. You'll need garden scissors, a good pair of bypass pruners, a set of loppers for large canes and sturdy gloves.
Next, remove the rose collar from the base of the rose and start  pulling back the mulch. It’s best to remove mulch gradually over the course of several days. This will allow the rose to adjust to the change in soil temperature.
Start your actual spring pruning by using your bypass pruners to remove any dead, diseased and damaged canes. Next, remove any canes that cross in the center. This will open up the center of the rose bush. After all the dead, diseased, broken and crossed canes have been removed, the remaining canes should be cut back 1/3 to ½.
Select an outward facing bud eye and cut the cane about ¼" above the bud eye.
The bud eye may be active
or dormant.
Make your cut at an angle so water will roll off the pruning point.
Pruning cuts made this way will keep the rose bush growing outward. For larger canes you can put a drop of white glue on the end of the cane to keep moisture and insects out.
Use your garden scissors to remove move any small, twiggy stems and rose hips from last season. Even with mounding for winter protection, roses can experience significant dieback. Pruning roses with many brown canes may mean you’ll cut the canes almost to the ground, in some cases.
Use a good bypass hand pruner for medium sized canes and a long handled lopping pruner for larger canes. 
Mini-roses grow on their own roots.
This is the time of year to remove all winterkill down to healthy wood. Climbing roses have two types of stems, the main climbing canes and the lateral shoots, which come off the main canes.
The lateral shoots are the ones that produce flowers. Start by removing any dead or damaged canes, then cut back the remaining canes a foot or so.
After pruning your rose bushes, fertilize them with Fertilome Rose Food or
Mile High Rose Food.
Finally, don't avoid pruning because you're worried about making a mistake. Roses need to be pruned in the spring in order to do their best. As long as your roses are healthy, well-watered and fed, one or two bad cuts isn't going to harm them. If you have questions about pruning roses, stop in. We'll help you

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Selecting Summer Blooming Bulbs

Bulbs planted in spring will produce some of the most dramatic colors in your summer and fall garden. You can tuck these bulbs among your perennials to create a fuller looking bed or create a special summer bulb garden of your own. Many summer and fall blooming bulbs are ideal in containers and will liven up your porch or deck.  Summer bulbs include canna lilies, dahlias, Asiatic and Oriental lilies, gladiolus and tuberous begonias.
Asiatic lilies are the hardiest of all the lily hybrids.  If you planted some last year you may see them poking through the ground already. Once they are established in your garden, they'll produce showy blooms for many years. Asiatic lilies spread very quickly. Oriental lilies won't spread as rapidly as Asiatic lilies, but they tend to be more fragrant than. Asiatic and Oriental lilies are planted from bulbs. Before planting, amend the soil with compost and peat moss, add some Bone Meal or Dutch Bulb Food and plant the bulbs 5" to 6" deep.
Canna lilies feature attractive green, bronze or variegated foliage, in addition to their flowers.  Cannas do well in garden beds and containers. The canna “bulb” is actually a rhizome. Plant cannas about 6" deep and about 18" apart, in well-amended soil, with Bone Meal added to the planting site. Cannas need to be dug and stored after the frost kills the foliage, if you want to save them. They will not survive our winters.
Dahlias are grown from tubers and come in a wide variety of colors. Plant dahlias only as deep as the crown, in well-amended soil with a little Bone Meal in the bottom of the planting hole. Dahlias will bring color to your garden in late summer and early fall. Dahlias are tender bulbs and must be dug and stored through the winter.
For more late summer and fall color, plant Gladiolus. Gladiolus “bulbs” are called corms. Plant your corms about 3" deep and 4" to 5" apart, in soil that has been amended with peat moss and compost. Glads are also tender bulbs that must be dug and stored if you want to keep them year to year.
Tuberous begonias make incredible displays of color in a shady spot on your patio. They can be planted in containers, hanging baskets and directly in the garden. They need to be dug and stored if you want to save them for next year. Summer bulbs tend to sell out early, so it’s best to shop now to get the best selection.